Blog

Categorías

Blog

TOXOPLASMOSIS

Publicado el 19 Ee diciembre Ee 2018 a las 0:00





Hoy hablamos de la la TOXOPLASMOSIS, ya que hace muy poco , se nos ha dado éste caso en una de nuestras adopciones, por lo que he visto muy necesario ofrecer " algo de información " sobre un tema creo que bastante desconocido en nuestros días... Tras leer, consultar artículos y plasmar los conocimientos de dos magníficos profesionales de nuestro centro veterinario colaborador : Mascotas Consulta Veterinària ..espero que sea de utilidad.

TOXOPLASMOSIS: ¿A qué tenemos pánico ?

Ante la llegada de un bebé, muchos dueños de gatos tienen dudas acerca de la compatibilidad entre los felinos y los niños. A los futuros padres les preocupa, sobre todo, la toxoplasmosis, una enfermedad causada por el parásito unicelilar , Toxoplasma Gondii. 

¿Qué es la toxoplasmosis?

La toxoplasmosis es una enfermedad causada por éste parásito , una zoonosis, es decir, una enfermedad que se transmite de forma natural de un animal al ser humano.

¿Qué produce la toxoplasmosis en las personas?

Los síntomas dependen mucho del sistema inmunitario de cada persona. Por lo general, en un individuo sano no suele dar síntomas pero, en aquellas personas que tienen un sistema inmunitario debilitado como los afectados por el VIH, puede conllevar problemas muy graves e incluso causar la muerte por encefalitis. También puede ser peligrosa en mujeres embarazadas.


Es importante, tener en cuenta que, tras la primera infección con el parásito, las personas inmunocompetentes se vuelven resistentes al parásito...pero ¿qué pasaría con las mujeres embarazadas?

Un porcentaje muy alto de mujeres tiene anticuerpos del Toxoplasma gondii porque ya han pasado la infección, que en muchos casos es asintomática. En estos casos, no tendrían que temerla, puesto que tal y como he comentado anteriormente, se trataría de personas resistentes a la toxoplasmosis.

El peligro de la toxoplasmosis para las mujeres embarazadas, reside solamente en aquellas que se infecten con el parásito por primera vez durante su embarazo, pudiendo en este caso causar abortos o malformaciones fetales.


¿Pero por qué tanto pánico a los gatos con respecto a la toxoplasmosis?


Porque no se conoce el ciclo biológico del parásito ni sus vías de infección más importantes hacia el ser humano.


La pregunta más importante que nos tenemos que hacer es , ¿cómo se contagian la mayoría de las personas? Para poder responder a esta pregunta tenemos que conocer al parásito (T. Gondii) y entender el ciclo de vida del mismo. 

CICLO BIOLÓGICO DE LA TOXOPLASMOSIS:

Debemos saber que el gato es un hospedador definitivo de T. Gondii. Esto significa que el parásito solamente puede cerrar su ciclo biológico en el intestino felino y, por lo tanto, el gato es el único individuo que puede eliminar formas parasitarias infectivas de T. Gondii.

Los gatos se infectan generalmente ingiriendo agua o comida contaminada con ooquistes (“huevos de toxoplasma”o ingiriendo carne/tejidos que contengan taquizoítos o bradizoítos (“huevos enquistados en el músculo”, es decir, ingiriendo carne contaminada con Toxoplasma Gondii (quiste tisular). De este modo, el gato se infecta principalmente cazando presas contaminadas por el parásito e ingiriendo su carne, la cual contiene quistes tisulares de Toxoplasma.

Tras haber ingerido el parásito, éste invade el intestino del gato donde se multiplica y termina su ciclo. Finalmente, el gato excretará miles de ooquistes (“huevos infectivos de Toxoplasma Gondii en sus heces, contaminando así el medio ambiente que le rodea. Los ooquistes que se encuentran en el medio ambiente pueden ahora ser ingeridos por mamíferos (tales como roedores, cerdos, ovejas o personas) y por aves. En ellos, el parásito se enquistará en sus tejidos esperando que algún día un gato las ingiera para poder cerrar otra vez su ciclo biológico.

Esta excreción de ooquistes por parte del gato dura aproximadamente, de 1 a 2 semanas y, tras este periodo, el felino se vuelve inmune a la toxoplasmosis. Esto quiere decir que, aunque se infecte nuevamente (al ingerir nuevas presas o alimentos contaminados), no volverá a eliminar formas infectivas del parásito. De este modo, debemos tener en cuenta que, un gato sólo elimina ooquistes de T. Gondii una vez en su vida.

¿Cómo suelen infectarse las personas?

Las dos principales vías de transmisión de la toxoplasmosis, por orden de importancia, son las siguientes:

 

a) Ingestión de carne de vacuno, cordero o cerdo cruda o poco cocida que contenga

quistes tisulares (incluyendo el jamón serrano curado de menos de 14 meses).


b) Ingestión de ooquistes maduros presentes en el suelo, agua o vegetales contaminados.


Entonces, ¿por qué tanto miedo al gato?

 

No todos los gatos tienen toxoplasmosis, para ello, el animal se tiene que infectar previamente. De este modo, si tenemos un gato, podemos encontrarnos con dos situaciones:


- Gato doméstico sin acceso al exterior y que solamente ingiere alimentos preparados y agua apta para el consumo humano: nunca se contagiará de toxoplasmosis, puesto que no tendrá acceso al parásito.

- Gato con acceso al exterior (o alimentado con comida cruda o agua no tratada con desinfectantes): en este caso sí podría infectarse de toxoplasmosis, aunque solamente excretaría el parásito una vez en su vida, durante unas pocas semanas.

Es muy importante saber que, cuando un gato excreta el parásito, los ooquistes necesitarán entre 24 horas y 5 días en el ambiente para adquirir la capacidad de ser infectivos (necesitan estar en contacto con el aire más de 24horas). En esta situación, es crucial tener en cuenta los hábitos higiénicos de los gatos, puesto que son animales muy limpios, que están constantemente acicalándose y eliminando los posibles resto de suciedad que hayan quedado en su cuerpo. Generalmente, este tipo de hábitos higiénicos no permite que las heces permanezcan en su piel por periodos de tiempo lo suficientemente largos como para provocar la esporulación del ooquiste. Según un estudio, no se ha podido aislar el parásito en la piel de gatos que habían eliminado millones de ooquistes 7 días antes.


¿Cómo podemos evitar infectarnos?


El contagio de la toxoplasmosis se puede evitar si se siguen unas pautas muy sencillas:

- Evitar realizar trabajos en el jardín o el huerto, donde hipotéticamente podría haber excrementos infectados.


- Si tenemos un gato en casa,ebemos evitar darle comida cruda, evitar que pueda cazar y administrarle agua de bebida apta para el consumo humano.

- Eliminar las heces del gato a diario y lavar asiduamente con agua caliente su bandeja (de ese modo no dará tiempo a que los ooquistes puedan volverse infectivos).


- Emplear guantes o palas para recoger las heces (evitar el contacto oral con las heces) y si alguien puede hacer el trabajo por tí...sería perfecto tomar otra medida extra.


- Higiene básica: lavarse la manos antes de comer y tras recoger las heces del gato.


- Hábitos alimentarios: cocinar bien la comida (Tª>70ºC), lavar abundantemente los alimentos que nos vayamos a comer crudos (frutas, verduras), no beber agua que no haya sido tratada adecuadamente.


Esperamos haber dado un poco de luz, sobre la temida toxoplasmosis que tantos abandonos de gatos ocasiona y sobretodo ¡Te deseamos todo lo mejor a tu familia y a ti!


RAFAEL GUERRA ,NOEMÍ GARCÍA, (VETERINARIOS )


Categorías: NUESTROS HAPPY CATS

Añade un comentario

¡Vaya!

Oops, you forgot something.

¡Vaya!

Las palabras que has introducido no coinciden con el texto. Inténtalo de nuevo.

79101 comentarios

Responder yeezy boost 350 v2
17:46 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I must point out my gratitude for your generosity supporting men who really want help on this important situation. Your real commitment to passing the message all over became quite good and have in most cases encouraged many people like me to realize their dreams. Your entire warm and helpful tips and hints denotes a great deal to me and especially to my office colleagues. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.
yeezy boost 350 v2 http://www.adidasyeezy350v2boost.com
Responder curry 6
17:45 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I simply desired to say thanks again. I am not sure the things that I might have used in the absence of those hints shared by you relating to that topic. This was an absolute horrifying situation for me, but observing the professional fashion you resolved that made me to cry over happiness. Extremely grateful for this assistance and have high hopes you really know what an amazing job your are putting in educating people by way of your blog. I am certain you haven't come across all of us.
curry 6 http://www.curry-6.us
Responder supreme clothing
17:45 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I definitely wanted to construct a word to thank you for the amazing guides you are writing here. My prolonged internet look up has now been rewarded with really good tips to talk about with my co-workers. I would admit that we visitors are unequivocally blessed to be in a very good community with so many marvellous professionals with very helpful hints. I feel rather privileged to have come across your entire weblog and look forward to really more awesome minutes reading here. Thanks again for everything.
supreme clothing http://www.supremeoutlet.us.com
Responder giannis shoes
17:43 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I wish to convey my gratitude for your generosity supporting men who absolutely need guidance on this important matter. Your special dedication to passing the solution all through appears to be unbelievably significant and has in most cases made workers like me to realize their endeavors. Your entire important useful information indicates a great deal to me and especially to my fellow workers. Thanks a ton; from all of us.
giannis shoes http://www.giannisantetokounmposhoes.us
Responder hermes handbags
17:43 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I am just writing to make you understand of the terrific encounter my cousin's girl enjoyed using your site. She noticed numerous pieces, most notably what it is like to possess a great teaching nature to make the mediocre ones effortlessly learn about selected complex things. You undoubtedly surpassed her desires. Many thanks for supplying these practical, dependable, informative and also cool tips about that topic to Sandra.
hermes handbags http://www.hermes-handbags.us.com
Responder kyrie 7 shoes
17:43 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
My spouse and i felt so relieved when John could round up his homework through your ideas he made through the web pages. It's not at all simplistic just to always be giving for free techniques that some others have been selling. And we also discover we've got you to thank because of that. All the illustrations you made, the simple site menu, the relationships your site make it easier to create - it's most spectacular, and it is letting our son in addition to us do think this content is amusing, and that's extremely important. Thank you for the whole lot!
kyrie 7 shoes http://www.kyrie7shoes.us
Responder lebron james shoes
17:42 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I want to point out my respect for your kindness giving support to men and women who really want help with this important niche. Your personal dedication to passing the solution all over appeared to be exceedingly significant and has surely helped people just like me to arrive at their desired goals. Your personal warm and helpful publication means a lot a person like me and far more to my colleagues. Regards; from everyone of us.
lebron james shoes http://www.lebron18.net
Responder supreme shirt
17:24 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I wish to express appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of such a problem. After scouting through the internet and meeting solutions that were not beneficial, I was thinking my life was over. Living minus the strategies to the problems you've fixed through your good article content is a serious case, and ones which might have badly damaged my entire career if I had not noticed the website. Your actual know-how and kindness in controlling all the pieces was very useful. I'm not sure what I would have done if I had not come upon such a thing like this. I can also now look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for your specialized and results-oriented guide. I will not think twice to refer your blog to any individual who ought to have direction on this topic.
supreme shirt http://www.supreme.us.org
Responder russell westbrook shoes
16:20 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
My spouse and i felt very fortunate that Peter could complete his researching with the precious recommendations he acquired from your blog. It is now and again perplexing just to continually be making a gift of information that many others may have been selling. We really grasp we have got you to thank because of that. All of the explanations you have made, the straightforward site menu, the friendships you can assist to engender - it's got mostly spectacular, and it's really assisting our son and us reckon that this article is entertaining, which is extraordinarily fundamental. Thank you for the whole lot!
russell westbrook shoes http://www.russellwestbrookshoes.us
Responder yeezy boost 350
16:02 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I wanted to develop a small word in order to express gratitude to you for the lovely tactics you are writing at this website. My rather long internet search has at the end been recognized with extremely good details to go over with my friends and family. I 'd say that most of us readers are rather endowed to live in a really good place with many perfect people with great plans. I feel quite lucky to have seen your website and look forward to really more brilliant minutes reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.
yeezy boost 350 http://www.yeezy350boost.us.com
Responder jordan 11
15:55 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I simply wished to appreciate you once more. I do not know the things I would've created without the entire secrets discussed by you about such a subject. It truly was a difficult setting in my opinion, but seeing a expert strategy you resolved it forced me to weep for joy. Extremely happy for your help and even expect you comprehend what a powerful job you have been putting in educating many others with the aid of your web site. Probably you've never met all of us.
jordan 11 http://www.jordan11retro.us.com
Responder kd shoes
15:54 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I wish to show some appreciation to you for bailing me out of this particular issue. Right after browsing through the world wide web and meeting views which are not powerful, I was thinking my entire life was over. Existing devoid of the strategies to the difficulties you've solved by way of your entire short post is a serious case, as well as the kind which might have negatively affected my entire career if I hadn't noticed the blog. Your good natural talent and kindness in playing with the whole lot was important. I am not sure what I would've done if I hadn't come across such a solution like this. I'm able to now look ahead to my future. Thanks very much for this skilled and results-oriented guide. I won't hesitate to propose the sites to any person who ought to have guidelines on this issue.
kd shoes http://www.kevindurantshoes.us.com
Responder Ateeniaf
15:23 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
kamagra oral jelly in uk: https://www.kamagradr.com cheap viagra kamagra
what doctors dont tell you about hiv kamagra uk kamagra safe dose
Responder stone island outlet
14:19 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
Thanks for your whole effort on this site. Kate really likes working on investigations and it's really easy to see why. All of us learn all about the dynamic form you render worthwhile solutions on your web blog and in addition recommend contribution from other ones on that topic plus my daughter is always becoming educated a lot. Have fun with the rest of the new year. Your performing a fabulous job.
stone island outlet http://www.stone-island.us.com
Responder curry shoes
14:05 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
Thank you for all of your effort on this blog. My niece enjoys engaging in investigations and it's really obvious why. Most of us notice all relating to the compelling manner you present worthwhile items by means of the blog and even increase contribution from some other people about this concept and our girl has always been learning a lot of things. Enjoy the rest of the year. You're doing a superb job.
curry shoes http://www.curry-6.us
Responder yeezy 700
13:56 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
My husband and i have been now fortunate when Ervin could conclude his inquiry out of the ideas he gained through the web pages. It is now and again perplexing just to be freely giving techniques which usually others could have been selling. And we also figure out we now have the writer to thank for that. The type of illustrations you have made, the simple site menu, the friendships your site aid to promote - it is everything excellent, and it's really leading our son and us imagine that the topic is excellent, and that's extraordinarily important. Thanks for the whole thing!
yeezy 700 http://www.yeezy700.us.com
Responder yeezy 700
13:56 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I'm just commenting to let you understand of the wonderful experience my girl developed visiting your webblog. She mastered a good number of pieces, including how it is like to possess a great teaching mindset to have other individuals clearly fully understand specified complicated matters. You actually did more than my desires. I appreciate you for showing those precious, trustworthy, explanatory not to mention easy tips about that topic to Emily.
yeezy 700 http://www.yeezys700.com
Responder kd shoes
13:45 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I would like to voice my love for your generosity giving support to visitors who require guidance on that theme. Your personal dedication to getting the solution all around appears to be pretty functional and has frequently allowed folks like me to realize their goals. Your own insightful guideline means a whole lot to me and additionally to my fellow workers. Thank you; from each one of us.
kd shoes http://www.kd-shoes.us
Responder yeezy
13:41 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I am just writing to make you be aware of of the beneficial discovery my cousin's girl found visiting your web page. She figured out too many issues, including how it is like to possess an incredible teaching heart to have certain people effortlessly fully grasp selected impossible matters. You truly did more than my expectations. Thank you for distributing those useful, dependable, revealing and even easy tips on your topic to Ethel.
yeezy http://www.yeezy-boost.com
Responder knezo clothing
13:32 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I simply desired to thank you very much once more. I do not know the things that I would have tried in the absence of the actual pointers provided by you regarding such situation. This has been a real horrifying crisis for me, however , observing your specialized mode you dealt with it made me to weep over contentment. Extremely happy for your service and in addition trust you know what a powerful job you are always carrying out teaching many others through the use of your blog. Most probably you've never encountered all of us.
knezo clothing http://www.kenzoclothing.us