Blog

Categorías

Blog

TOXOPLASMOSIS

Publicado el 19 Ee diciembre Ee 2018 a las 0:00





Hoy hablamos de la la TOXOPLASMOSIS, ya que hace muy poco , se nos ha dado éste caso en una de nuestras adopciones, por lo que he visto muy necesario ofrecer " algo de información " sobre un tema creo que bastante desconocido en nuestros días... Tras leer, consultar artículos y plasmar los conocimientos de dos magníficos profesionales de nuestro centro veterinario colaborador : Mascotas Consulta Veterinària ..espero que sea de utilidad.

TOXOPLASMOSIS: ¿A qué tenemos pánico ?

Ante la llegada de un bebé, muchos dueños de gatos tienen dudas acerca de la compatibilidad entre los felinos y los niños. A los futuros padres les preocupa, sobre todo, la toxoplasmosis, una enfermedad causada por el parásito unicelilar , Toxoplasma Gondii. 

¿Qué es la toxoplasmosis?

La toxoplasmosis es una enfermedad causada por éste parásito , una zoonosis, es decir, una enfermedad que se transmite de forma natural de un animal al ser humano.

¿Qué produce la toxoplasmosis en las personas?

Los síntomas dependen mucho del sistema inmunitario de cada persona. Por lo general, en un individuo sano no suele dar síntomas pero, en aquellas personas que tienen un sistema inmunitario debilitado como los afectados por el VIH, puede conllevar problemas muy graves e incluso causar la muerte por encefalitis. También puede ser peligrosa en mujeres embarazadas.


Es importante, tener en cuenta que, tras la primera infección con el parásito, las personas inmunocompetentes se vuelven resistentes al parásito...pero ¿qué pasaría con las mujeres embarazadas?

Un porcentaje muy alto de mujeres tiene anticuerpos del Toxoplasma gondii porque ya han pasado la infección, que en muchos casos es asintomática. En estos casos, no tendrían que temerla, puesto que tal y como he comentado anteriormente, se trataría de personas resistentes a la toxoplasmosis.

El peligro de la toxoplasmosis para las mujeres embarazadas, reside solamente en aquellas que se infecten con el parásito por primera vez durante su embarazo, pudiendo en este caso causar abortos o malformaciones fetales.


¿Pero por qué tanto pánico a los gatos con respecto a la toxoplasmosis?


Porque no se conoce el ciclo biológico del parásito ni sus vías de infección más importantes hacia el ser humano.


La pregunta más importante que nos tenemos que hacer es , ¿cómo se contagian la mayoría de las personas? Para poder responder a esta pregunta tenemos que conocer al parásito (T. Gondii) y entender el ciclo de vida del mismo. 

CICLO BIOLÓGICO DE LA TOXOPLASMOSIS:

Debemos saber que el gato es un hospedador definitivo de T. Gondii. Esto significa que el parásito solamente puede cerrar su ciclo biológico en el intestino felino y, por lo tanto, el gato es el único individuo que puede eliminar formas parasitarias infectivas de T. Gondii.

Los gatos se infectan generalmente ingiriendo agua o comida contaminada con ooquistes (“huevos de toxoplasma”o ingiriendo carne/tejidos que contengan taquizoítos o bradizoítos (“huevos enquistados en el músculo”, es decir, ingiriendo carne contaminada con Toxoplasma Gondii (quiste tisular). De este modo, el gato se infecta principalmente cazando presas contaminadas por el parásito e ingiriendo su carne, la cual contiene quistes tisulares de Toxoplasma.

Tras haber ingerido el parásito, éste invade el intestino del gato donde se multiplica y termina su ciclo. Finalmente, el gato excretará miles de ooquistes (“huevos infectivos de Toxoplasma Gondii en sus heces, contaminando así el medio ambiente que le rodea. Los ooquistes que se encuentran en el medio ambiente pueden ahora ser ingeridos por mamíferos (tales como roedores, cerdos, ovejas o personas) y por aves. En ellos, el parásito se enquistará en sus tejidos esperando que algún día un gato las ingiera para poder cerrar otra vez su ciclo biológico.

Esta excreción de ooquistes por parte del gato dura aproximadamente, de 1 a 2 semanas y, tras este periodo, el felino se vuelve inmune a la toxoplasmosis. Esto quiere decir que, aunque se infecte nuevamente (al ingerir nuevas presas o alimentos contaminados), no volverá a eliminar formas infectivas del parásito. De este modo, debemos tener en cuenta que, un gato sólo elimina ooquistes de T. Gondii una vez en su vida.

¿Cómo suelen infectarse las personas?

Las dos principales vías de transmisión de la toxoplasmosis, por orden de importancia, son las siguientes:

 

a) Ingestión de carne de vacuno, cordero o cerdo cruda o poco cocida que contenga

quistes tisulares (incluyendo el jamón serrano curado de menos de 14 meses).


b) Ingestión de ooquistes maduros presentes en el suelo, agua o vegetales contaminados.


Entonces, ¿por qué tanto miedo al gato?

 

No todos los gatos tienen toxoplasmosis, para ello, el animal se tiene que infectar previamente. De este modo, si tenemos un gato, podemos encontrarnos con dos situaciones:


- Gato doméstico sin acceso al exterior y que solamente ingiere alimentos preparados y agua apta para el consumo humano: nunca se contagiará de toxoplasmosis, puesto que no tendrá acceso al parásito.

- Gato con acceso al exterior (o alimentado con comida cruda o agua no tratada con desinfectantes): en este caso sí podría infectarse de toxoplasmosis, aunque solamente excretaría el parásito una vez en su vida, durante unas pocas semanas.

Es muy importante saber que, cuando un gato excreta el parásito, los ooquistes necesitarán entre 24 horas y 5 días en el ambiente para adquirir la capacidad de ser infectivos (necesitan estar en contacto con el aire más de 24horas). En esta situación, es crucial tener en cuenta los hábitos higiénicos de los gatos, puesto que son animales muy limpios, que están constantemente acicalándose y eliminando los posibles resto de suciedad que hayan quedado en su cuerpo. Generalmente, este tipo de hábitos higiénicos no permite que las heces permanezcan en su piel por periodos de tiempo lo suficientemente largos como para provocar la esporulación del ooquiste. Según un estudio, no se ha podido aislar el parásito en la piel de gatos que habían eliminado millones de ooquistes 7 días antes.


¿Cómo podemos evitar infectarnos?


El contagio de la toxoplasmosis se puede evitar si se siguen unas pautas muy sencillas:

- Evitar realizar trabajos en el jardín o el huerto, donde hipotéticamente podría haber excrementos infectados.


- Si tenemos un gato en casa,ebemos evitar darle comida cruda, evitar que pueda cazar y administrarle agua de bebida apta para el consumo humano.

- Eliminar las heces del gato a diario y lavar asiduamente con agua caliente su bandeja (de ese modo no dará tiempo a que los ooquistes puedan volverse infectivos).


- Emplear guantes o palas para recoger las heces (evitar el contacto oral con las heces) y si alguien puede hacer el trabajo por tí...sería perfecto tomar otra medida extra.


- Higiene básica: lavarse la manos antes de comer y tras recoger las heces del gato.


- Hábitos alimentarios: cocinar bien la comida (Tª>70ºC), lavar abundantemente los alimentos que nos vayamos a comer crudos (frutas, verduras), no beber agua que no haya sido tratada adecuadamente.


Esperamos haber dado un poco de luz, sobre la temida toxoplasmosis que tantos abandonos de gatos ocasiona y sobretodo ¡Te deseamos todo lo mejor a tu familia y a ti!


RAFAEL GUERRA ,NOEMÍ GARCÍA, (VETERINARIOS )


Categorías: NUESTROS HAPPY CATS

Añade un comentario

¡Vaya!

Oops, you forgot something.

¡Vaya!

Las palabras que has introducido no coinciden con el texto. Inténtalo de nuevo.

79101 comentarios

Responder chrome hearts outlet
13:32 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I not to mention my friends ended up checking out the nice strategies from your web page and then immediately came up with an awful suspicion I never expressed respect to the blog owner for those strategies. All of the boys were for this reason happy to study them and have unquestionably been enjoying them. I appreciate you for getting quite accommodating as well as for opting for this form of really good subject matter millions of individuals are really wanting to discover. My very own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to earlier.
chrome hearts outlet http://www.chromehearts.com.co
Responder hermes birkin
13:18 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
Thank you so much for giving everyone an extraordinarily brilliant opportunity to read in detail from this blog. It's usually so nice and also stuffed with a great time for me and my office mates to search the blog at minimum thrice in one week to read the latest items you have got. And of course, we're usually amazed with your magnificent methods you serve. Selected 4 facts in this article are without a doubt the very best I have ever had.
hermes birkin http://www.hermesbirkins.com
Responder yeezy
12:55 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I as well as my friends were found to be digesting the nice guidelines on your web site and all of a sudden developed a terrible suspicion I had not thanked you for them. My people happened to be for this reason glad to read through them and now have clearly been taking advantage of these things. Thanks for actually being quite thoughtful and also for deciding upon variety of decent issues millions of individuals are really needing to be informed on. My sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.
yeezy http://www.yeezy-boost.com
Responder jordan shoes
12:07 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
My wife and i were now satisfied Ervin could finish off his investigations from your ideas he had using your site. It is now and again perplexing to simply possibly be giving out tricks which many people may have been making money from. And now we fully grasp we need the website owner to be grateful to for this. All the illustrations you made, the simple web site navigation, the friendships you can help to instill - it is everything fantastic, and it's letting our son in addition to our family reason why the content is entertaining, and that's seriously pressing. Thanks for everything!
jordan shoes http://www.jordanssneakers.us.com
Responder pandora
11:55 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I needed to put you one bit of remark just to say thank you the moment again for these marvelous advice you have discussed on this website. This has been pretty generous with people like you to present unhampered all a few people would have supplied as an e-book to get some bucks on their own, specifically considering that you might well have done it in case you decided. Those points additionally served to become great way to understand that someone else have a similar dreams similar to mine to see a good deal more with respect to this condition. I'm certain there are thousands of more pleasurable occasions in the future for many who take a look at your blog post.
pandora http://www.pandorascharms.us
Responder kevin durant shoes
11:55 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I wish to get across my admiration for your kindness for men who actually need help on the issue. Your very own dedication to getting the message throughout was unbelievably productive and has all the time enabled women just like me to attain their dreams. Your amazing informative tips and hints entails a whole lot to me and further more to my office workers. Regards; from all of us.
kevin durant shoes http://www.kd12.us.com
Responder supreme hoodie
11:55 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I want to show my admiration for your kindness supporting folks that must have guidance on your topic. Your special dedication to passing the message throughout appears to be extremely significant and have truly made associates like me to arrive at their objectives. Your amazing valuable useful information denotes so much to me and somewhat more to my mates. Warm regards; from all of us.
supreme hoodie http://www.supremes-clothing.com
Responder lebron 18
11:54 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
Thanks for all your valuable effort on this website. Kate really loves doing internet research and it's simple to grasp why. I know all about the lively medium you create both interesting and useful tricks on the blog and in addition increase response from visitors on that concept and our favorite daughter is truly starting to learn a whole lot. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the new year. You have been performing a stunning job.
lebron 18 http://www.lebron18.us
Responder nike react
11:54 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I and also my pals were actually reviewing the best information and facts found on your web site and then all of the sudden developed an awful feeling I had not thanked the web blog owner for those strategies. Those boys appeared to be for that reason excited to learn all of them and have now sincerely been making the most of them. Thanks for actually being very kind and then for making a decision on some good things most people are really wanting to be aware of. My honest apologies for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.
nike react http://www.nikereact.org
Responder yeezy boost 350 v2
11:54 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I not to mention my buddies have been examining the excellent tips and tricks from the website and then immediately I had an awful feeling I never thanked the website owner for them. Most of the young men were so very interested to learn them and have in reality been having fun with them. We appreciate you genuinely really considerate and for selecting this form of excellent tips millions of individuals are really eager to discover. Our honest apologies for not saying thanks to you sooner.
yeezy boost 350 v2 http://www.yeezy-v2.com
Responder off white jordan 1
11:54 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I simply desired to thank you so much again. I do not know the things I would have sorted out without the type of tactics revealed by you over this problem. It was a very traumatic case in my position, nevertheless viewing a new specialised strategy you dealt with it made me to leap with delight. I'm just grateful for this help and then believe you recognize what an amazing job your are getting into instructing some other people through the use of your websites. I know that you haven't come across all of us.
off white jordan 1 http://www.offwhite.us.com
Responder kyrie spongebob
11:54 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
Needed to write you this little word so as to give many thanks over again with your unique advice you've discussed on this page. It has been seriously open-handed of people like you to offer without restraint what exactly numerous people might have sold as an e book in making some profit for their own end, especially considering that you might have done it in the event you decided. Those inspiring ideas in addition acted to be a easy way to realize that most people have the same passion really like my own to realize lots more with regard to this issue. I think there are lots of more fun occasions up front for many who start reading your blog.
kyrie spongebob http://www.kyrie5spongebob.us
Responder yeezy boost
11:54 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I would like to express my passion for your kind-heartedness for men and women who really need help with your matter. Your real commitment to getting the message all over appeared to be rather insightful and have consistently allowed people much like me to arrive at their objectives. This useful instruction indicates a lot to me and much more to my colleagues. Thanks a lot; from each one of us.
yeezy boost http://www.yeezy-boost350.us.com
Responder curry 8
11:50 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I'm also writing to make you be aware of what a cool experience my cousin's child obtained visiting your blog. She figured out too many details, which include how it is like to have an incredible giving style to let many others without hassle completely grasp several specialized things. You actually surpassed readers' expected results. I appreciate you for imparting those good, healthy, revealing and in addition cool guidance on that topic to Jane.
curry 8 http://www.curry8.us
Responder ThomasMurge
11:49 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
??????? ?? ????
_________________
Online casinos offering no deposit bonuses
Responder longchamp handbags
11:41 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I wanted to compose you this tiny note to finally say thank you once again on the lovely information you have provided here. This has been tremendously open-handed of you to present openly just what many of us could have supplied for an e-book in order to make some bucks for their own end, mostly since you might well have tried it if you considered necessary. These smart ideas additionally acted to be the great way to be aware that other people online have a similar zeal just like my very own to learn a little more on the subject of this issue. I am sure there are millions of more pleasurable periods in the future for folks who go through your blog.
longchamp handbags http://www.longchampshandbags.us.org
Responder calvin klein underwear
11:28 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I actually wanted to jot down a brief message to be able to say thanks to you for the amazing secrets you are placing here. My considerable internet investigation has finally been paid with high-quality ideas to share with my partners. I 'd suppose that we visitors are truly blessed to live in a great website with many perfect professionals with useful methods. I feel somewhat lucky to have seen your entire weblog and look forward to plenty of more amazing minutes reading here. Thanks once again for all the details.
calvin klein underwear http://www.calvinkleinoutlet.us.com
Responder supreme clothing
11:08 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
My spouse and i felt so satisfied that Edward managed to finish off his investigation with the ideas he obtained out of your weblog. It's not at all simplistic just to continually be giving away tips and hints which often other people have been selling. And we all realize we have the writer to give thanks to for that. The explanations you made, the straightforward website menu, the friendships you can make it easier to engender - it's got everything spectacular, and it's really letting our son in addition to the family do think this content is satisfying, and that is really indispensable. Thanks for the whole lot!
supreme clothing http://www.supremesclothing.us.org
Responder kd 12
10:30 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I as well as my buddies were found to be checking out the great pointers found on your web blog and then unexpectedly came up with an awful suspicion I had not expressed respect to the website owner for those tips. These young boys ended up as a consequence glad to see them and already have honestly been taking advantage of them. Many thanks for truly being really kind as well as for figuring out this form of good resources millions of individuals are really needing to understand about. My very own honest regret for not saying thanks to sooner.
kd 12 http://www.kd12.org
Responder adidas yeezy boost 350 v2
9:47 Eel 10 Ee febrero Ee 2021 
I precisely desired to thank you very much yet again. I'm not certain the things I could possibly have undertaken without those information shared by you relating to that question. It was an absolute hard situation for me personally, nevertheless spending time with the professional manner you processed it took me to leap over happiness. Extremely thankful for this information and as well , hope that you really know what a powerful job that you're putting in teaching people today using your blog post. I am certain you have never encountered any of us.
adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 http://www.yeezy-v2.com