Blog

Categorías

Blog

TOXOPLASMOSIS

Publicado el 19 Ee diciembre Ee 2018 a las 0:00





Hoy hablamos de la la TOXOPLASMOSIS, ya que hace muy poco , se nos ha dado éste caso en una de nuestras adopciones, por lo que he visto muy necesario ofrecer " algo de información " sobre un tema creo que bastante desconocido en nuestros días... Tras leer, consultar artículos y plasmar los conocimientos de dos magníficos profesionales de nuestro centro veterinario colaborador : Mascotas Consulta Veterinària ..espero que sea de utilidad.

TOXOPLASMOSIS: ¿A qué tenemos pánico ?

Ante la llegada de un bebé, muchos dueños de gatos tienen dudas acerca de la compatibilidad entre los felinos y los niños. A los futuros padres les preocupa, sobre todo, la toxoplasmosis, una enfermedad causada por el parásito unicelilar , Toxoplasma Gondii. 

¿Qué es la toxoplasmosis?

La toxoplasmosis es una enfermedad causada por éste parásito , una zoonosis, es decir, una enfermedad que se transmite de forma natural de un animal al ser humano.

¿Qué produce la toxoplasmosis en las personas?

Los síntomas dependen mucho del sistema inmunitario de cada persona. Por lo general, en un individuo sano no suele dar síntomas pero, en aquellas personas que tienen un sistema inmunitario debilitado como los afectados por el VIH, puede conllevar problemas muy graves e incluso causar la muerte por encefalitis. También puede ser peligrosa en mujeres embarazadas.


Es importante, tener en cuenta que, tras la primera infección con el parásito, las personas inmunocompetentes se vuelven resistentes al parásito...pero ¿qué pasaría con las mujeres embarazadas?

Un porcentaje muy alto de mujeres tiene anticuerpos del Toxoplasma gondii porque ya han pasado la infección, que en muchos casos es asintomática. En estos casos, no tendrían que temerla, puesto que tal y como he comentado anteriormente, se trataría de personas resistentes a la toxoplasmosis.

El peligro de la toxoplasmosis para las mujeres embarazadas, reside solamente en aquellas que se infecten con el parásito por primera vez durante su embarazo, pudiendo en este caso causar abortos o malformaciones fetales.


¿Pero por qué tanto pánico a los gatos con respecto a la toxoplasmosis?


Porque no se conoce el ciclo biológico del parásito ni sus vías de infección más importantes hacia el ser humano.


La pregunta más importante que nos tenemos que hacer es , ¿cómo se contagian la mayoría de las personas? Para poder responder a esta pregunta tenemos que conocer al parásito (T. Gondii) y entender el ciclo de vida del mismo. 

CICLO BIOLÓGICO DE LA TOXOPLASMOSIS:

Debemos saber que el gato es un hospedador definitivo de T. Gondii. Esto significa que el parásito solamente puede cerrar su ciclo biológico en el intestino felino y, por lo tanto, el gato es el único individuo que puede eliminar formas parasitarias infectivas de T. Gondii.

Los gatos se infectan generalmente ingiriendo agua o comida contaminada con ooquistes (“huevos de toxoplasma”o ingiriendo carne/tejidos que contengan taquizoítos o bradizoítos (“huevos enquistados en el músculo”, es decir, ingiriendo carne contaminada con Toxoplasma Gondii (quiste tisular). De este modo, el gato se infecta principalmente cazando presas contaminadas por el parásito e ingiriendo su carne, la cual contiene quistes tisulares de Toxoplasma.

Tras haber ingerido el parásito, éste invade el intestino del gato donde se multiplica y termina su ciclo. Finalmente, el gato excretará miles de ooquistes (“huevos infectivos de Toxoplasma Gondii en sus heces, contaminando así el medio ambiente que le rodea. Los ooquistes que se encuentran en el medio ambiente pueden ahora ser ingeridos por mamíferos (tales como roedores, cerdos, ovejas o personas) y por aves. En ellos, el parásito se enquistará en sus tejidos esperando que algún día un gato las ingiera para poder cerrar otra vez su ciclo biológico.

Esta excreción de ooquistes por parte del gato dura aproximadamente, de 1 a 2 semanas y, tras este periodo, el felino se vuelve inmune a la toxoplasmosis. Esto quiere decir que, aunque se infecte nuevamente (al ingerir nuevas presas o alimentos contaminados), no volverá a eliminar formas infectivas del parásito. De este modo, debemos tener en cuenta que, un gato sólo elimina ooquistes de T. Gondii una vez en su vida.

¿Cómo suelen infectarse las personas?

Las dos principales vías de transmisión de la toxoplasmosis, por orden de importancia, son las siguientes:

 

a) Ingestión de carne de vacuno, cordero o cerdo cruda o poco cocida que contenga

quistes tisulares (incluyendo el jamón serrano curado de menos de 14 meses).


b) Ingestión de ooquistes maduros presentes en el suelo, agua o vegetales contaminados.


Entonces, ¿por qué tanto miedo al gato?

 

No todos los gatos tienen toxoplasmosis, para ello, el animal se tiene que infectar previamente. De este modo, si tenemos un gato, podemos encontrarnos con dos situaciones:


- Gato doméstico sin acceso al exterior y que solamente ingiere alimentos preparados y agua apta para el consumo humano: nunca se contagiará de toxoplasmosis, puesto que no tendrá acceso al parásito.

- Gato con acceso al exterior (o alimentado con comida cruda o agua no tratada con desinfectantes): en este caso sí podría infectarse de toxoplasmosis, aunque solamente excretaría el parásito una vez en su vida, durante unas pocas semanas.

Es muy importante saber que, cuando un gato excreta el parásito, los ooquistes necesitarán entre 24 horas y 5 días en el ambiente para adquirir la capacidad de ser infectivos (necesitan estar en contacto con el aire más de 24horas). En esta situación, es crucial tener en cuenta los hábitos higiénicos de los gatos, puesto que son animales muy limpios, que están constantemente acicalándose y eliminando los posibles resto de suciedad que hayan quedado en su cuerpo. Generalmente, este tipo de hábitos higiénicos no permite que las heces permanezcan en su piel por periodos de tiempo lo suficientemente largos como para provocar la esporulación del ooquiste. Según un estudio, no se ha podido aislar el parásito en la piel de gatos que habían eliminado millones de ooquistes 7 días antes.


¿Cómo podemos evitar infectarnos?


El contagio de la toxoplasmosis se puede evitar si se siguen unas pautas muy sencillas:

- Evitar realizar trabajos en el jardín o el huerto, donde hipotéticamente podría haber excrementos infectados.


- Si tenemos un gato en casa,ebemos evitar darle comida cruda, evitar que pueda cazar y administrarle agua de bebida apta para el consumo humano.

- Eliminar las heces del gato a diario y lavar asiduamente con agua caliente su bandeja (de ese modo no dará tiempo a que los ooquistes puedan volverse infectivos).


- Emplear guantes o palas para recoger las heces (evitar el contacto oral con las heces) y si alguien puede hacer el trabajo por tí...sería perfecto tomar otra medida extra.


- Higiene básica: lavarse la manos antes de comer y tras recoger las heces del gato.


- Hábitos alimentarios: cocinar bien la comida (Tª>70ºC), lavar abundantemente los alimentos que nos vayamos a comer crudos (frutas, verduras), no beber agua que no haya sido tratada adecuadamente.


Esperamos haber dado un poco de luz, sobre la temida toxoplasmosis que tantos abandonos de gatos ocasiona y sobretodo ¡Te deseamos todo lo mejor a tu familia y a ti!


RAFAEL GUERRA ,NOEMÍ GARCÍA, (VETERINARIOS )


Categorías: NUESTROS HAPPY CATS

Añade un comentario

¡Vaya!

Oops, you forgot something.

¡Vaya!

Las palabras que has introducido no coinciden con el texto. Inténtalo de nuevo.

88657 comentarios

Responder supreme clothing
16:37 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I and also my buddies ended up going through the great pointers from your web page and so quickly got a terrible feeling I had not expressed respect to the blog owner for those tips. These women appeared to be as a consequence thrilled to learn all of them and have now in truth been taking pleasure in those things. Appreciate your turning out to be considerably considerate and also for deciding on variety of important resources millions of individuals are really wanting to know about. My very own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.
supreme clothing http://www.supremeclothingstore.com
Responder giannis shoes
16:37 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
My spouse and i felt absolutely happy that Peter could conclude his studies from your ideas he acquired through the weblog. It is now and again perplexing to simply choose to be giving out guidelines which usually other folks have been making money from. And we all discover we have the blog owner to give thanks to for that. The specific illustrations you have made, the easy web site navigation, the friendships you can make it possible to engender - it's all unbelievable, and it's really leading our son and our family reason why that issue is enjoyable, which is pretty fundamental. Many thanks for all!
giannis shoes http://www.giannisantetokounmposhoes.us
Responder bape
16:30 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I in addition to my buddies were reading the best secrets on the blog while all of the sudden I got a horrible feeling I had not thanked the web blog owner for those strategies. My young boys came totally glad to see all of them and have unquestionably been using those things. We appreciate you genuinely indeed kind and for picking this kind of helpful things millions of individuals are really desirous to be aware of. Our honest regret for not saying thanks to sooner.
bape http://www.abathingapeofficial.com
Responder bape hoodie outlet
16:28 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I wish to show my thanks to the writer for bailing me out of such a difficulty. Because of scouting through the search engines and seeing proposals which were not productive, I believed my entire life was done. Living without the presence of solutions to the difficulties you have fixed as a result of this posting is a critical case, as well as the ones that could have adversely damaged my entire career if I hadn't come across your website. Your actual talents and kindness in handling all the pieces was precious. I'm not sure what I would have done if I hadn't come upon such a point like this. I can also at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks so much for the impressive and sensible help. I will not think twice to refer the blog to anyone who desires direction about this subject.
bape hoodie outlet http://www.bape-hoodie.com
Responder kyrie 5 spongebob
16:15 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I intended to send you the very little remark to be able to give thanks as before on the breathtaking secrets you have discussed on this site. This is shockingly open-handed of people like you to grant unhampered what numerous people could have distributed for an e-book to end up making some cash for their own end, mostly considering that you might well have done it in the event you decided. These principles as well served to become a fantastic way to be sure that the rest have the same dreams the same as my personal own to know the truth very much more on the subject of this issue. I'm sure there are lots of more fun times ahead for those who browse through your blog post.
kyrie 5 spongebob http://www.kyrie5spongebob.us
Responder golden goose superstar sneakers
16:10 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
A lot of thanks for each of your labor on this web site. Kim loves setting aside time for internet research and it's obvious why. A lot of people hear all about the dynamic manner you offer vital tips and tricks by means of your web blog and as well inspire response from visitors on that situation so our own girl is in fact being taught a lot. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You're doing a really great job.
golden goose superstar sneakers http://www.goldengoosesale.us.org/golden-goose-superstar-c-99_103
Responder DavidTic
16:00 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
singulair 4mg price
Responder fear of god
15:53 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
Thank you a lot for giving everyone an exceptionally wonderful possiblity to read from this site. It can be so good plus jam-packed with a great time for me and my office fellow workers to visit your blog particularly thrice per week to see the latest guidance you have. And indeed, we are usually impressed with the mind-boggling principles you give. Certain 1 tips in this article are surely the very best I've ever had.
fear of god http://www.fearofgod.us.com
Responder yeezy boost 350
15:47 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I enjoy you because of every one of your effort on this website. My mum delights in going through investigation and it is obvious why. All of us hear all about the compelling manner you deliver efficient secrets through the web blog and even cause participation from other individuals on this matter then our girl is actually understanding so much. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the year. You have been carrying out a stunning job.
url=http://www.adidasyeezyboost350.us.com says...
yeezy boost 350
Responder off white
15:42 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I am writing to let you know of the fantastic discovery our daughter had browsing the blog. She mastered too many things, which included what it is like to possess an incredible helping nature to let many people just understand various very confusing matters. You undoubtedly surpassed my expected results. Thank you for supplying the warm and friendly, healthy, informative and in addition cool tips on your topic to Evelyn.
off white http://www.offwhite.us.org
Responder hermes
15:29 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I and also my guys ended up going through the best pointers on your web page and then at once developed a horrible feeling I had not expressed respect to the web blog owner for them. My guys are actually consequently glad to read all of them and have in truth been using these things. We appreciate you turning out to be simply thoughtful as well as for finding some cool topics millions of individuals are really desperate to understand about. My sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to sooner.
hermes http://www.hermesonlineshop.com
Responder golden goose francy
15:23 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I and also my buddies appeared to be taking note of the good techniques on your web blog and before long I had an awful feeling I had not expressed respect to the web blog owner for those techniques. The guys appeared to be for that reason glad to study them and have seriously been tapping into these things. Thank you for actually being indeed accommodating and also for figuring out some fabulous subject matter most people are really eager to understand about. My personal sincere regret for not saying thanks to you earlier.
golden goose francy http://www.goldengooseshoes.us.org/men-francy-sneakers-c-76_80.ht
ml
Responder golden goose francy
15:04 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I intended to send you this very small observation so as to give many thanks yet again considering the splendid secrets you have discussed at this time. This has been surprisingly open-handed of you to allow freely all most people might have advertised for an e-book to get some money for their own end, specifically considering the fact that you might well have tried it if you wanted. The creative ideas likewise acted as the great way to be sure that most people have the identical keenness just as mine to realize a lot more related to this problem. I'm certain there are some more pleasant moments in the future for those who scan through your site.
golden goose francy http://www.ggdb.us.com/francy-c-181_182_184
Responder kd 12
15:04 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I not to mention my guys have already been going through the great procedures found on the blog and then immediately I got an awful feeling I never expressed respect to the web blog owner for those techniques. My young boys are actually consequently excited to read all of them and have in effect without a doubt been tapping into those things. Thanks for really being considerably considerate and also for deciding on such fine subject matter most people are really needing to understand about. Our sincere apologies for not saying thanks to you earlier.
kd 12 http://www.kd12.org
Responder bape
15:01 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I wish to show thanks to the writer for bailing me out of this type of incident. Just after looking out throughout the world-wide-web and coming across concepts which are not powerful, I thought my entire life was gone. Existing devoid of the answers to the issues you've solved by way of your main website is a serious case, as well as the kind which might have adversely damaged my entire career if I had not encountered your web page. That know-how and kindness in maneuvering everything was valuable. I'm not sure what I would have done if I hadn't come across such a solution like this. I am able to at this moment relish my future. Thanks a lot very much for your high quality and results-oriented help. I will not hesitate to refer your web site to any individual who should receive recommendations about this subject matter.
bape http://www.bapes.us.org
Responder fear of god
14:52 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I'm just writing to let you be aware of what a helpful discovery our daughter developed browsing your blog. She even learned many issues, not to mention what it's like to have a very effective giving style to have a number of people without hassle have an understanding of chosen complex issues. You actually exceeded people's expected results. Thank you for producing those practical, trusted, explanatory and also cool tips on the topic to Gloria.
fear of god http://www.fearofgod.us.com
Responder supreme clothing
14:50 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I precisely had to say thanks again. I'm not certain what I would have carried out without the entire secrets shown by you concerning this subject matter. Completely was the frightening setting in my view, nevertheless seeing the very well-written avenue you solved it made me to cry for fulfillment. I'm just happier for your guidance and then wish you comprehend what a powerful job that you are carrying out instructing others via your web site. Probably you haven't got to know all of us.
supreme clothing http://www.supremesoutlet.us.com
Responder hermes belt
14:40 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I happen to be commenting to make you understand of the exceptional encounter my girl found viewing your site. She picked up lots of details, including what it is like to have an ideal coaching nature to get certain people clearly gain knowledge of a variety of extremely tough issues. You actually surpassed readers' expectations. Many thanks for providing these informative, dependable, edifying and in addition cool tips about this topic to Ethel.
hermes belt http://www.hermesbelts.us.org
Responder michael jordan shoes
14:34 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
I as well as my friends came going through the good ideas from your web blog and so before long I had an awful feeling I had not expressed respect to the web blog owner for those tips. Those ladies were consequently warmed to read all of them and now have extremely been enjoying them. We appreciate you indeed being quite accommodating and for choosing some good topics most people are really eager to discover. My very own sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to earlier.
michael jordan shoes http://www.michaeljordanshoes.us.com
Responder Ronniesor
14:15 Eel 10 Ee junio Ee 2023 
url=https://dk24.pro says...
????????? ??????????????? ?????
- ????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ????, ????????? ?????? ??????